Enviro Spore is a microbe commonly found in soil and the healthy gut microbiome of humans and animals. During a broiler farming crop, it undergoes a complex life cycle that transitions between vegetative growth, sporulation (spore formation), and germination.
1. Enviro Spore starts its life cycle in freeze-dried spore form:
It is added to the fresh bedding following final disinfection during setup. The spore is metabolically inactive and highly resistant to disinfection, high heat, and chemicals. The sporulation process involves a series of morphological and biochemical changes, forming a highly resistant dormant structure called a spore. Inside the cell, DNA is duplicated and encapsulated within a protective spore coat.
2. Back to Life:
When the day-old chicks arrive, favourable conditions prompt the spores to wake up from their dormant state. They absorb water and become active again. Once fully formed and ready, the mother cells break open, releasing billions of spores into the environment. These spores inhibit pathogenic bacteria and promote early gut maturation.
The maturation process includes depositing additional layers to form the spore coat, cortex formation, and dehydration. These processes contribute to the spore's resistance and longevity. Once mature, the vegetative cell lyses, releasing the dormant spore into the environment.
3. New Beginning and Feasting:
The spore transforms into a typical bacterium, starting a new life cycle. It grows, divides, outcompetes, and colonises. Resuming its metabolic activities, including nutrient uptake, replication, and cell division, it can rapidly increase and utilise available resources in the chick's litter throughout the population phase.
4. Environmental Stress and Fammin at Depopulation:
Sporulation is initiated at depopulation when faced with unfavourable conditions, such as nutrient limitation and chemical stress factors. Enviro Spore employs sporulation as a survival strategy to withstand harsh environments. It changes form and creates a special structure called a spore, acting like a protective shell. These spores can then withstand the chemicals used on the surface of the poultry house during washing and disinfecting. After three crop cycles, Enviro Spore will have colonised deep into the house structure, concrete walls, and floor, positively altering the bacterial load within the house environment, creating a healthy gut-friendly environment.
Enviro Spore goes through an active stage where it grows and divides. When faced with adversity, it protects itself by forming a hardy spore. The spore waits until conditions improve, and then it wakes up to start a new life as an active beneficial bacterium again.